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Historic Clarinets

Veriam Music Trust's Metzler clarinet, England, Boston Collection (B032)

Metzler, England

Boston Collection (B032)

Instrument: Clarinet

Maker: Metzler & Co

Region: London, England

Era: Early romantic

Date(s): 1833 - 1842

Keys: 6

Stamp: Metzler / London / 105 · Wardour · St 

The Metzler family business was a prolific musical instrument maker for almost 150 years, between 1788 and 1936.

 

The ‘Metzler / London / 105 · Wardour · St’ stamp indicates this clarinet was made by Metzler & Co (as opposed to previous iterations of the business designated as V. Metzler and then Metzler & Son), which was established in 1833, but moved to Great Marlborough St in 1842 (39).

Ref: (39) William Waterhouse, 'The New Langwill Index' (1993), p. 261-62

Goulding & Co, England

Boston Collection (B033)

Instrument: Clarinet

Maker: George Goulding & Co

Region: London, England

Era: Classical

Date(s): 1787 - 1800

Keys: 5

Stamp: Goulding & Co / London

Veriam Music Trust's Goulding & Co clarinet, England, Boston Collection (B033)

Goulding & Co was started by George Goulding in C1787. Multiple partnerships throughout his woodwind instrument making career saw numerous versions of the Goulding stamp, but ‘Goulding & Co’ was the first mark he used for his instruments. This stamp places the making of this clarinet between 1787 and 1800. The company traded until 1834. Langwill notes Goulding was designated as ‘music-seller to the Prince and Princess of Wales’ (40).

Ref: (40) William Waterhouse, 'The New Langwill Index' (1993), p. 142

Veriam Music Trust's George Wood clarinet, England, Boston Collection (B034)

George Wood, England

Boston Collection (B034)

Instrument: Clarinet

Maker: George Wood

Region: London, England (50 Compton St, Soho Square)

Era: Early romantic

Date(s): 1832-36

Keys: 9

Stamp: Geo”e Wood / New Compton Strt / 50 Soho / London (Flower icon)

James Wood started his woodwind instrument making business in London in 1799. His son, George Wood, took the business on in 1832 (41).

Ref: (41) William Waterhouse, 'The New Langwill Index' (1993), p. 435-36

Garrett, England

Boston Collection (B035)

Instrument: Clarinet

Maker: Garrett & Co

Region: London, England

Era: Classical/Romantic

Date(s): 1823-1894

Keys: 7

Stamp: B / Garrett / London

Veriam Music Trust's Garrett clarinet, England, Boston Collection (B035)

The Garrett workshop was started in 1800, and appears to have been a family business that lasted until 1894 (42).

Ref: (42) William Waterhouse, 'The New Langwill Index' (1993), p. 128

Veriam Music Trust's S. A. Chappell clarinet, Boston Collection (B036)

S. A. Chappell

Boston Collection (B036)

Instrument: Clarinet

Maker: Samuel Arthur Chappell

Region: London, England (New Bond Street)

Era: Romantic

Date(s): 1866-1901

Keys: 12

Stamp: S. A. Chappell / New Bond Street / London

Samuel Arthur Chappell, Son of wind instrument and pianoforte maker Samuel Chappell, took over the failed woodwind company of legendary composer and conductor Louis Jullien* in C1861 (43, 44).

 

After Chappell took over the firm, some of their instruments were stamped ‘S. A. Chappell, late Jullien & Co’, but the form of the ‘New Bond Street’ stamp on this clarinet indicates a manufacture date between 1866 and 1901 (The New Langwill Index)

 

*Louis Jullien’s full birth name was:

 

Louis George Maurice Adolphe Roche Albert Abel Antonio Alexandre Noë Jean Lucien Daniel Eugène Joseph-le-brun Joseph-Barême Thomas Thomas Thomas-Thomas Pierre Arbon Pierre-Maurel Barthélemi Artus Alphonse Bertrand Dieudonné Emanuel Josué Vincent Luc Michel Jules-de-la-plane Jules-Bazin Julio César Jullien.

 

The name consisted of the 36 names of the players of the Sisteron Philharmonic Society, whom his father played violin with at the time of his christening. He later shortened it to Louis-Antoine Jullien (45).

 

Ref: (43) William Waterhouse, 'The New Langwill Index' (1993), p. 61-62

Ref: (44) William Waterhouse, 'The New Langwill Index' (1993), p. 197

Ref: (45) Wikipedia contributors, 'Wikipedia' (2024), p. name Louis-Antoine Jullien